Download A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old by University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin PDF

By University of Hawaii at Manoa Alexander Vovin

Including half 1 of an analogous grammar (Sources, Script and Phonology, Lexicon and Nominals), this two-volume set represents the main distinct and exhaustive description ever performed of any language, together with jap of the outdated jap language of the Yamato quarter through the Asuka Nara interval. It offers hundreds and hundreds of examples drawn not just from the key outdated eastern texts comparable to the Man'yoshu, the Senmyo, the Kojiki kayo and the Nihonshoki kayo but additionally from all minor extant texts akin to the Fudoky kayo, the Bussoku seki ka, and others. it is usually comparative fabric from japanese previous jap as soon as spoken within the sector approximately equivalent to present-day southern Chubu and Kanto areas, in addition to from Ryukyuan and infrequently from different surrounding languages. half 2 is followed by way of exhaustive and cumulative indexes to either volumes, together with separate indexes on all grammatical varieties defined, linguistic varieties, own names, in addition to an index of all previous eastern texts which are used as examples within the description.

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Additional resources for A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese: Part 2: Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs, Conjunctions, Particles, Postpositions

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1lli~{*jJDmEflJ*L~~flV< z~~-$ kwopiysi-ku-no opo-k-ar-u ware pa my i-tutu sinwop-am-u long-INF-GEN big-INF-exist-ATTR I TOP see(INF)-COOR yearn-TENT-FIN I, [who] has great longing, will be looking at [it] and yearning [for my beloved] (MYS XX: 4475) SPECIAL FORM -KU-TE The infinitive form -ku, in both the functions of a non-final predicate and an adverb, can be directly followed by a subordinative gerund -teo The only phonetically spelled example is found in Late Old Japanese, but the form -ku-te is unlikely to be an innovation, because it is also attested in Eastern Old Japanese (see below).

1). Omodaka et al. argue that sakasi-ra, for example, actually means 'pretended wisdom' (Omodaka et al. 1967: 318). In another case aka-ra clearly means 'ruddy' (KK 43). But in other cases we do not have a strong basis to argue for a diminutive nature of this suffix. 2 ADJECTIVES 437 bright,' sakasi- 'wise,' usu- 'thin' (Yamada 1954: 123), and yo'good' forming derivatives aka-ra, sakasi-ra, usu-ra and yo-rarespectively. Among these three sakasi-ra is used only as a nominal 'wisdom,' or adverbially as sakasi-ra n-i 'wisely,4 but two other words appear as modifiers, although usu-ra 'thin' is attested only in one example in Western Old Japanese texts: ~iiJ J1l!!

Therefore, we would expect that these compounds would be borrowed as such into Old Ryukyuan. Undoubtedly, some of them, like sira-tama 'white jewel' were borrowed into Old Ryukyuan, because (a) sira-tama is attested only in the Ryuka and the Kumi-odori, but not in the Om oro sashi, and (b) because siratama is frequently used in Middle Japanese as a compound. However, none of the cases appearing in the above examples: sira nisiya 'white northern wind,' opo to 'big sea,' and taka kafa 'upstream of a river' could be loans from Middle Japanese, because none of these exist as compounds in Middle Japanese.

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