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By James M. Woods

“In a masterful survey of analysis on Catholicism within the South, Woods has performed for that area what James Hennesey did for the Catholic Church within the usa in American Catholics.”—Gerald P. Fogarty, collage of Virginia


“This is a booklet we've got lengthy wanted. over the past 4 many years the heritage of the evangelical culture within the South has been found and masses written approximately, however the Catholic size of southern non secular background has lagged in the back of within the historiography. ultimately here's a synthesis of virtually 3 centuries of the Catholic Church within the region.”—John B. Boles, Rice University


No Christian denomination has had an extended or extra diversified lifestyles within the American South than the Catholic Church. The Spanish missions verified in Florida and Texas promoted Catholicism. Catholicism used to be the dominant faith one of the French who settled in Louisiana. sooner than the inflow of Irish immigrants within the 1840s, so much American Catholics lived south of the Mason-Dixon line. Anti-Catholic prejudice used to be by no means as powerful within the South as within the North or Midwest and used to be infrequent within the zone ahead of the 20 th century.
    James Woods’s sweeping background stretches from the 1st eu cost of the continent during the finish of the Spanish-American struggle. The e-book is split into 3 distinctive sections: the colonial period, the early Republic during the annexation of Texas in 1845, and the stormy latter half the 19th century. Woods will pay specific cognizance to church/state kinfolk, undertaking paintings and non secular orders, the church and slavery, immigration to the South, and the event of Catholicism in a principally Protestant area. He additionally highlights the contributions and careers of sure vital southern Catholics, either clerical and lay, and considers how the various Catholic ethnic and racial teams have expressed their faith—and their citizenship—through the centuries.

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For Catholics, the church contained the Real Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist. Thus a church was for congregational worship, individual devotion, and religious instruction. As Indians had their sacred places, the missionaries attempted to transfer this native devotion to a Catholic edifice. ”60 One surviving document, dated 1591, describes a mission, with a drawing from the governor to the Crown asking to rebuild a mission on Amelia Island, Florida. The plan involved a rectangular church, a convent/rectory, barracks, a cocina (kitchen), and a small plaza.

Fray Francisco Marrón supervised this effort from his headquarters in St. Augustine. Five missions were established north of St. Augustine along the Atlantic coast, including one on Cumberland Island in today’s Georgia, to serve the Timucua natives. Further north along the Georgia coast, early missions were begun for the Guale natives on Jekyll, St. Simon’s, and St. Catherine’s islands. 37 The next year, the Guale Indian revolt struck the Georgia missions. The revolt began in mid-September 1597 on the Georgia mainland near present-day Harris Neck near Sapelo Island at the village of Tolomato.

According to one friar’s description, some fifty to one hundred people could be on one side, and whole villages turned out to watch. Both friars and soldiers initially enjoyed these contests, yet over time the priests worried about the game’s impact. Serious injuries occurred among the players, and rioting often took place during and after the games. These actions along with the idea that the game was rooted in paganism caused Fray Juan de Paiva to have the Spanish authorities ban the game in 1681.

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