By Joanna Radwanska-Williams
The overall idea of language of Mikołaj Kruszweski (1851-1887) is, this booklet argues, a “lost paradigm” within the background of linguistics. the concept that of 'paradigm' is known in a largely construed Kuhnian feel, and its applicability to linguistics as a technological know-how is tested. it really is argued that Kruszewski's idea was once a covert paradigm in that his significant paintings, Ocerk nauki o jazyke ('An define of the technology of Language', 1883), had the capability to be seminal within the background of linguistics, i.e. to accomplish the prestige of a 'classical text', or 'exemplar'. This strength was once now not learned simply because Kruszewski's impact used to be hindered through a number of historic components, together with his early loss of life and the simultaneous consolidation of the Neogrammarian paradigm, with its emphasis on phonology and language swap. The publication examines the highbrow history of Kruszweski's notion, which used to be rooted, partially, within the culture of British empiricism. It additionally discusses Kruszewski's dating to his instructor Jean Baudouin de Courtenay (1845-1929), his perspective in the direction of the Neogrammarian circulation in linguistics, the ambivalent reception of his thought through his contemporaries, and the impact of his paintings at the linguistic concept of Roman Jakobson (1896-1982).
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Extra info for A Paradigm Lost: The linguistic thought of Mikołaj Kruszewski
Nikolaj Vjačeslavovič [Krusevskij] took a very active part in these meetings. Besides communications of his own research, he read reviews of those books and articles which he was studying in order to familiarize himself with the scientific literature. All of Nikolaj Vjačeslavovič's reviews bore the mark of talent; he astonished us by the mass of what he managed to read, and he was always able to discern what was most essential. (Bogorodickij 1891:249) 42 A PARADIGM LOST In a report to the faculty council on the progress of his studies from December 15, 1878 to October 1, 1879, Kruszewski (1882a:33-34) gives a list of all the linguistic works reviewed by him during the Saturday meetings.
It is on this ground that the associationist psychology of Wundt was challenged in the 20th century. The British empiricists, however, assumed the fundamental validity of the model, because the original premise of the model, the accessibility of the internal workings of the human mind to scientific study, was essential to their theory of knowledge. It is the theory of knowledge rather than the precise account of the formation of complex ideas that is John Stuart Mill's principal concern in A System of Logic.
At this point, however, there was a discontinuity in the history of social theory, HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 25 due to the Darwinian paradigm shift. While for John Stuart Mill the associationist account of the mind had been the foundation for the study of society, after Darwin society came to be perceived in evolutionary terms. As one historian of associationist psychology points out, this was a change from the direction which John Stuart Mill had envisaged: "the work of the [British] association school remained incomplete when the movement came to an end" (Warren 1921:175).