By A. D. C. Macknight (auth.), Professor Dr. R. Gilles, Dr. E. K. Hoffmann, Dr. L. Bolis (eds.)
Advances in Compararative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists retain music of the large literature within the box. offering complete, built-in experiences and sound, serious, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all energetic researchers in environmental and comparative body structure. mobile quantity and osmolality in animals is a good studied subject and this particular quantity within the sequence presents the reader with a radical grounding during this quarter of body structure. together with components, the textual content discusses osmolality and quantity keep watch over by way of either inorganic and natural ions which accordingly provides a superb evaluation to these operating and attracted to this field.
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Extra info for Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology: Volume and Osmolality Control in Animal Cells
Fig. 8), whereas a decreased volume is accompanied by transport inhibition. Though there is too little information for a more detailed analysis of these relationships, several points are apparent. Increases in transepithelial transport under isosmotic conditions are not normally produced as a secondary consequence of increased cell volume. Instead, it is the change in transport which modifies the volume and the pattern of the relationship is quite different from that observed in response to altered medium osmolarity.
Am J Physiol 255:F962-F969 Hoffmann EK (1986) Anion transport systems in the plasma membrane of vertebrate cells. Biochim Biophys Acta 864: 1-31 Hoffmann EK (1987) Volume regulation in cultured cells. CUIT Top Membrane Transp 30:125-180 Hoffmann EK, Simonsen LO (1989) Membrane mechanisms in volume and pH regulation in vertebrate cells. Physiol Rev 69:315-382 Hoffmann EK, Lambert IH, Simonsen LO (1988) Mechanisms in volume regulation in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Renal Physiol Biochem 3-5:221-247 Holz GG, Rane SG, Dunlap K (1986) GTP-binding proteins mediate transmitter inhibition of voltage-dependent calcium channels.
For example, in a study of toad bladder using X-ray microanalysis to measure the composition of individual epithelial cells, Civan et al. (1980) observed large differences in ion composition from cell to cell after exposure to ouabain and following incubation in a potassium-free medium. We have recently confinned this in a much more extensive study using X-ray microanalysis (Macknight et al. 1989). Such cell to cell variation suggests that individual cells were in different transport states prior to the inhibition of transepithelial transport.