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By Thiess Büttner

By technique of theoretical and empirical research agglomeration economies as localized returns to scale are proven because the simple resource of financial disparity. The imperative implication for the hard work marketplace is the ensuing course dependency of the spatial employment development. As an empirical research of migration inside Germany files robust local segmentation within the brief run, neighborhood salary formation is of specific value for the adjustment procedure in line with adjustments of the spatial employment trend. notwithstanding, a theoretical dialogue exhibits that during the German environment with centralized salary bargaining neighborhood wages has a tendency to be rigid. This view is supported by means of an empirical research of the spatial salary constitution in Germany utilizing district data.

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Extra resources for Agglomeration, Growth, and Adjustment: A Theoretical and Empirical Study of Regional Labor Markets in Germany

Example text

Locally sta ble, and finally with high transport costs the interior equilibrium is globally st able. As a conclusion to thi s general equilibrium tr eatm ent along th e lines of th e "New Economic Geograph y" ,31 we should note first th at tra nsport costs localize produ ctivity exte rna lities but also localize final demand . As a consequence, mult iple st able equilibria may exist . Yet , higher tr ansp ort costs on final goods will only prevent th e concentra tion, if some region- specific demand exists.

3) is th e relevant price-cost equality. 1. The consequences for stability can be illustrated by superimposing a migration function in the form of a Marshallian quantit y-adjustment proc ess, "See Conr oy (1975). l3See Sta hl (1987) for a sur vey. 10 ) where t he do t denotes t he t ime derivati ve and Er , E, are local cost of living indices. If th e wage ratio equa ls the ratio of the cost of living indi ces, real wages are equa l and th ere is no incenti ve to move. 9) describes th e relation bet ween wage rati o and employment rati o, it is obvious that wit h J' < 0, as suggested by the mod el with region- specific facto rs, th e int ersection point in the figure is a stable equilibrium.

2 highlights th e differences in assumptions and result s. 1 A M odel with Homogeneous F in al Goods In the produ ction of the final manufactured good labor and a variety of intermediate goods are used as inputs. X r = F (Dr , LX,r) (2. 14) where LX,r denotes the labor input , and Dr is an index of intermedia te goods. p denotes th e const ant elasticity of substit ut ion between intermediate goods in the productio n of the final good. It is assumed to be equa l for each variety of th e intermediate good.

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