By Yoshio Sugimoto
This revised version has been up to date to hide advancements within the 5 years because the first variation used to be released. Yoshio Sugimoto demanding situations the conventional proposal that Japan is an homogeneous society with few cultural and social disparities.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Japanese Society, Second Edition
Some comparative quantitative studies suggest that Japanese patterns of socioeconomic inequality show no systematic deviance from those of other countries of advanced capitalism. 3). 1 shows that Japan experienced a higher degree of structural transformation than the United States and the United Kingdom, presumably because of Japan’s extremely rapid tempo of industrialization and urbanization – a larger proportion of people were “forced” to change their occupation from their fathers’ by shifting from farming to manual work, from blue-collar to white-collar occupations, and so on.
4 Subcultural Relativism Studies of development and social change certainly require comparative analyses of national averages. When carefully made, nation-level summaries and generalizations help one take a snapshot and global view of each society. One should not underestimate the importance of this approach, while avoiding the pitfall of stereotyping. A multicultural approach to Japanese society sensitizes one to such a danger and provides some guideposts to avoid it. 26 An Introduction to Japanese Society In addition to examining Japanese emic concepts at societal level, studies can probe the patterns of distribution of various emic notions of subcultural groups within Japan, for example, women’s versus men’s emics,80 emics of inhabitants in the Kanto¯ area versus those in the Kansai area, and elite emics versus mass emics.
Seeking to avoid these two sorts of monoculturalism, the book suggests that two types of multicultural approaches would allow the sociological pulse of contemporary Japan to be taken in a realistic way. One is a multicultural research focus that spotlights the domestic stratification and subcultural differentiation of Japanese society; the other is an international, multicultural conceptual paradigm for the understanding of Japan. This book consists of four major themes. The first (chapters 2 and 3) presents an overview of class and stratification in Japan, and of Japan’s demographic variation, preparatory to depicting Japanese society.