By Russell A. Berman
Since September eleven, 2001, the attitudes of Europeans towards the USA have grown a growing number of unfavorable. for plenty of in Europe, the terrorist assault on manhattan urban was once noticeable as facts of the way American habit elicits hostility—and the way it will be as much as americans to repent and alter their methods. during this revealing examine the deep divide that has emerged, Russell A. Berman explores some of the dimensions of up to date eu anti-Americanism. the writer indicates how, because the strategy of post–cold warfare eu unification has stepped forward, anti-Americanism has confirmed to be an invaluable ideology for the definition of a brand new eu id. He examines this rising id and indicates the way it has led Europeans to a place opposed to any "regime swap" through the United States—no subject how undesirable the regime may perhaps be—whether in Serbia, Afghanistan, or Iraq.
Berman info the elements—some cultural, a few easily irrational—of this nerve-racking flow and tells why it really is more likely to stay a characteristic of relatives among the U.S. and Europe for the foreseeable destiny. He explains how anti-Americanism operates like an obsessive prejudice and stereotype, impervious to rational arguments or actual facts, and exhibits how the unfavourable reaction to U.S. guidelines should be traced to a bigger, extra deeply rooted stream opposed to globalization. Anti-Americanism in Western Europe isn't just a pleasant war of words, it's a widening chasm. This ebook makes an enormous contribution to realizing this significant ideological challenge.
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Extra resources for Anti-Americanism in Europe: A Cultural Problem
S. S. policy is the ultimate cause. For now, however, suffice it to say that anti-Americanism has become an important factor in contemporary political life, in Germany and elsewhere in Europe—despite the end of Communism and despite the scope of the terrorist threat. Hence the 40 Anti-Americanism in Europe urgency of posing the question: Where does anti-Americanism come from? S. government or to the influence of American society and culture. If that broad definition were to apply, then reasonable critics of policy matters or cultural influence would fit the bill.
It is hardly surprising that fragments of the long German-American history resurface to shape the cultural context within which contemporary American policy and actions are judged. S. initiatives. This bipolarity explains a curious aspect of the debate about German attitudes to the United States: assertions of anti-Americanism typically elicit denials and demonstrations of extensive appreciation for the United States. The distinctiveness of the German case is that anti-Americanism and philo-Amer- 34 Anti-Americanism in Europe icanism exist side by side.
5 Yet when the statement is replaced with one regarding individual freedom and the force of social conditions, the findings change significantly. Evaluating the statement “Success in life is pretty much determined by forces outside our control,” 32 percent of Americans completely or mostly agreed. , the opposite of individual initiative). This finding is at the high end of comparable Western European findings: the United Kingdom at 58 percent, France at 54 percent, Italy at 66 percent. Several of the Eastern European findings are surprisingly lower than those from Western Europe, that is, closer to the American data, although still much higher: Bulgaria at 52 percent, the Czech Republic at 47 percent, the Slovak Republic at 49 percent, but Poland at 63 percent (higher than many Western European countries but still lower than Germany).