By Ian Shirley, Carol Neill
The towns of Asia and the Pacific are on the epicentre of improvement in what's arguably, the main populous, culturally certain, and economically strong quarter on the earth. sixteen significant towns akin to Tokyo, Shanghai, Manila, Jakarta, Bangkok, Singapore, Auckland, Kuala Lumpur and Santiago, situated in international locations as diversified as Mexico and Vietnam, Samoa and India, China and Australia, exemplify the altering styles of improvement throughout this big zone of the world.
By monitoring financial and social traits the participants to this assortment exhibit how quite a lot of political and cultural components have interacted over the years to supply a robust reason behind the form and features of ‘the urban’ at the present time. in keeping with a collaborative examine programme and drawing at the paintings of neighborhood researchers, this e-book examines the realities of urban improvement characterized by way of household migration, spatial and social fragmentation, squatter settlements and gated groups, fiscal experiments and the emergence of the ‘Asian Tigers’. the gathering as a complete documents the way international locations during this area have moved from underdevelopment to turn into worldwide fiscal and political powers.
This booklet offers a desirable trip via Asia and the Pacific through producing an insiders’ view of every urban and an perception into nationwide improvement. As such will probably be of serious curiosity to scholars and students drawn to: the Asian and Pacific area; in disciplines equivalent to economics, politics, geography and sociology; and in coverage domain names akin to city making plans and fiscal development.
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Extra resources for Asian and Pacific Cities: Development Patterns
The serious nature of the economic situation compelled Vietnam to seek a new development strategy. In 1975, in the wake of the American war, the north and south of Vietnam were reunified and thus the Vietnamese authorities were faced with the realities of unification as well as the need to stimulate the national economy. The outcome was an example of Vietnamese pragmatism. M. T. Tung Communist Party’s Central Committee proposed a radical economic blueprint in the form of Doi Moi (reform). The main goals of Doi Moi were aimed at improving lagging productivity, raising living standards and curbing rampant inflation that had reached almost 500 per cent a year in the mid-1980s.
It was a process spearheaded by multinational companies and transnational capital, backed by a pervasive neo-liberal agenda advocating free trade agreements, the privatisation of public assets and ready access to cheap labour. The overall effect on local economies has been characterised by intensifying competition for investment (especially among the metropolitan cities of the region), accelerating and concentrated urbanisation, and spatial as well as social fragmentation. Not only have city populations grown at an unsustainable rate, but this growth has been accompanied by massive restructuring programmes that have displaced communities in the urban core to make way for skyscrapers, world trade centres, international Introduction 9 tourist development and shopping malls (Douglass et al.
Sen, A. (1999) Development as Freedom, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Sen, A. (2003) ‘The Local and the Global’, a paper to the Globalisation and Local Development Workshop, Turin, Italy, 27–28 November. -S. (2007) Global Challenges and Local Responses: The East Asian Experience, New York: Routledge. Shirley, I. (1982). Development Tracks: The Theory and Practice of Community Development, Palmerston North: Dunmore Press. Shirley, I. (2009) ‘The Global Recession: Its Impact in Asia and the Pacific’, Local Economy, 24(3): 254–61.