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By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Army Science and Technology, Committee to Review Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives Program Detonation Technologies

The Army's skill to satisfy public and congressional calls for to ruin expeditiously the entire U.S. declared chemical guns will be better by way of the choice and acquisition of acceptable explosive destruction applied sciences (EDTs) to reinforce the most applied sciences for use to break the chemical guns presently on the Blue Grass military Depot (BGAD) in Kentucky and the Pueblo Chemical Depot (PCD) in Colorado. the military is thinking about 4 EDTs for the destruction of chemical guns: 3 from deepest area proprietors, and a fourth, Army-developed explosive destruction process (EDS). This e-book updates prior reviews of those applied sciences, in addition to the other conceivable detonation applied sciences, according to a number of concerns together with procedure adulthood, technique efficacy, procedure throughput, strategy safeguard, public and regulatory acceptability, and secondary waste concerns, between others. It additionally presents certain details on all of the requisites at BGAD and PCD and premiums all the present compatible EDTs plus the Army's EDS with admire to how good it satisfies those standards.

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Would the process be able to satisfy environmental regulatory requirements under the CAA? Permitting requirements under the CAA are stringent and have caused excessive delays in technology implementation, particularly if there is public opposition (see NRC, 2002). Does the process satisfy the principals of pollution prevention and waste minimization? Technologies, to the extent possible, should employ process chemicals that are nontoxic and should result in minimal amounts of secondary wastes. Is the process transportable?

If there are no such monitors, verification must be achieved in another way. To what extent can the effluents be tested to ensure destruction? If the generated gases, liquids, and solids are directly evaluated to determine agent residuals before posttreatment and no residuals are detected, then posttreatment may not be necessary. Are the effluent treatment systems tested for residuals? Destruction can be verified by sampling releases from all posttreatment units. Does the process destroy or deform the munition body so that it cannot be used again or refilled?

11BGAD is a storage site for conventional munitions in addition to chemical weapons and consequently must periodically dispose of conventional munitions that become outdated or defective. 12Personal communication between Brint Bixler, Vice President, CH2M HILL, and Margaret Novack, NRC, study director, July 10, 2008. ASSESSMENT OF EXPLOSIVE DESTRUCTION TECHNOLOGIES pollution control system consists of a cartridge-type particulate filter with pulsed jet cleaning, followed by an exhaust fan. Before being processed, the rocket motors would be removed from their SFTs and their fins would be banded.

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