By Michael Albertus
Whilst and why do nations redistribute land to the landless? What political reasons does land reform serve, and what position does it have in modern-day global? A longstanding literature courting again to Aristotle and echoed in vital contemporary works holds that redistribution can be either greater and extra distinctive on the bad less than democracy. but entire ancient information to check this declare has been missing. This publication exhibits that land redistribution - the main consequential kind of redistribution within the constructing global - happens extra usually lower than dictatorship than democracy. It deals a singular concept of land reform and develops a typology of land reform rules. Albertus leverages unique facts spanning the realm and relationship again to 1900 to widely attempt the speculation utilizing statistical research and case experiences of key international locations comparable to Egypt, Peru, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe. those findings demand rethinking a lot of the typical knowledge approximately redistribution and regimes.
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Extra info for Autocracy and Redistribution: The Politics of Land Reform
Warfighting). The contributions from these three literatures all underscore the recognition that the explanation of redistribution through social conflict theory is incomplete, but they leave us with no robust alternative framework for understanding when and where redistribution should occur, especially in developing countries. This book offers a step in the direction of building a new foundation for explaining the politics of redistribution. , Huntington 1968). But the balance of findings in this 6 Iversen and Soskice (2009) argue that these factors have deeper roots in economic coordination (especially in guilds and rural cooperatives) and the limited proportional representation systems of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Although both democracies and autocracies can have political incentives to pursue redistribution, democratic leaders often face prohibitively restrictive institutional constraints to redistribution. Democratic institutions frequently build heterogeneous interests and powers into government, creating checks and balances that require large coalitions to support major policy changes such as redistributive reforms. Indeed, this type of horizontal accountability is at the heart of James Madison’s vision of democratic constraints in The Federalist Papers (Madison, Hamilton, and Jay  1998).
The initial support coalition can therefore benefit from expropriation by gaining credible access to future power and rents – and should strongly advocate for it – even if its members are not the recipients of the expropriated assets. ” I distinguish this term from the governing coalition on which the political elites rely once their rule stabilizes, because the groups composing the governing coalition may differ from those in the initial coalition. Introduction 19 Capacity for Redistribution Existing theories of redistribution focus primarily on government incentives to pursue redistribution.