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By Iraj Hoshi, Ewa Balcerowicz, Leszek Balcerowicz

inefficient and uncompetitive organizations particularly from the over-grown commercial region. those preliminary stipulations intended that, within the early levels of transition, the quantity of entries and exits can be, by way of necessity, very excessive ­ reflecting the big scale alterations that needed to occur earlier than those economies reach a macroeconomic constitution in keeping with their point of improvement and with the wishes of a market-based financial system open to internationalcompetition. one of many major components of the reform programme in all economies in transition used to be the liberalisation of access stipulations. in addition to the liberalisation of costs and overseas exchange, acceptable measures facilitating the institution of recent corporations have been licensed within the very early part of reforms in all of those nations. The effectiveness of liberalised access stipulations, in fact, is dependent upon the presence of applicable felony and institutional framework within which new enterprises will function. The institution of a conducive felony and institutional surroundings, in spite of the fact that, takes for much longer. In perform, new enterprises come into lifestyles prior to the principles of the sport are effectively demonstrated. those ideas boost progressively and aren't continually, and all over the place, in keeping with the purpose of liberalising the access stipulations. The stipulations dealing with new companies, consequently, have fluctuated in a few nations in line with alterations within the political setting and according to the energy of other lobbies and curiosity groups.

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Extra info for Barriers to Entry and Growth of New Firms in Early Transition: A Comparative Study of Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Albania and Lithuania

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Laws facilitating foreign investment 2 3 4 5 331. Cheaper skilled labour (than in your country) 1 2 3 4 5 332. Size of the market 2 3 4 5 333. Access to other countries of the region 2 3 4 5 334 Liberalised foreign trade 2 3 4 5 iv. Please evaluate the overall enviromnent for foreign investment in this country, and four other transition economies, taking into account govermnent policies, macroeconomic conditions, laws, etc. Please use a 1-5 scale (WITH 1- VERY POOR; 2- POOR; 3- SATISFACTORY; 4-GOOO; 5VERY GOOD).

Please do not make a selection if an option is not applicable. 330. Laws facilitating foreign investment 2 3 4 5 331. Cheaper skilled labour (than in your country) 1 2 3 4 5 332. Size of the market 2 3 4 5 333. Access to other countries of the region 2 3 4 5 334 Liberalised foreign trade 2 3 4 5 iv. Please evaluate the overall enviromnent for foreign investment in this country, and four other transition economies, taking into account govermnent policies, macroeconomic conditions, laws, etc. Please use a 1-5 scale (WITH 1- VERY POOR; 2- POOR; 3- SATISFACTORY; 4-GOOO; 5VERY GOOD).

9 Introduction 35 134. No. 135. Yes. What kind of collateral was used? 136. Real estate belonging to myself or my family 137. Real estate belonging to the company. 138. Others (specify) . viii. If you have selected Question 122 ('No. have not tried '), the reason was: 139. Did not know how to go about asking for a loan. 140. Did not think I will succeed 141. Others (specify) . ix . If you have selected Question 123 ('No. Tried but was refused ') , the reason(s) was (choose all relevant options) : 142.

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