By Benjamin R Justesen
Damaged Brotherhood: the increase and Fall of the nationwide Afro-American Council supplies a entire account of the nationwide Afro-American Council, the 1st actually national U.S. civil rights association, which existed from 1898 to 1908. in line with exhaustive examine, the amount chronicles the Council’s achievements and its annual conferences and gives pics of its key leaders.Led through 4 of the main awesome African American leaders of the time—journalist T. Thomas Fortune, Bishop Alexander Walters, educator Booker T. Washington, and Congressman George Henry White—the Council persisted for a decade regardless of structural flaws and exterior pressures that at last resulted in its dying in 1908. writer Benjamin R. Justesen offers historic context for the Council’s improvement in the course of an period of remarkable progress in African American corporations. Justesen establishes the nationwide Afro-American Council because the earliest nationwide area for discussions of severe social and political concerns affecting African american citizens and the one most crucial united voice lobbying for defense of the nation’s greatest minority. In a interval marked through racial segregation, frequent disfranchisement, and lynching violence, the nonpartisan council helped identify extra enduring successor businesses, delivering middle management for either the nationwide organization for the development of coloured humans and the nationwide city League. Broken Brotherhood strains the background of the Council and the complex relationships between key leaders from its production in Rochester in 1898 to its final collecting in Baltimore in 1907, drawing on either inner most correspondence and modern journalism to create a balanced historic portrait. more suitable by means of 13 illustrations, the quantity additionally presents interesting information about the 10 nationwide gatherings, describes the Council’s unsuccessful try and problem disfranchisement earlier than the U.S. ultimate court docket, and sheds mild at the sluggish breakdown of Republican team spirit between African American leaders within the first decade of the 20 th century.
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Extra resources for Broken Brotherhood: The Rise and Fall of the National Afro-American Council
Alarmed by the increasingly repressive racial atmosphere of the 1890s, he and Calvin Chase, among others, prodded Fortune, beginning in 1896, to resurrect the dormant league. 14 The urbane, cosmopolitan Walters was two years younger than Fortune. Both were good public speakers, both intellectually gifted, both passionate supporters of civil justice for their race, yet Walters’s calm demeanor and mature grasp of both organizational and policy issues made him appear far older than the headstrong editor, and far more reassuring to other leaders.
Cheatham and Judson W. 4 The president had enjoyed heavy support among black Republicans in 1896 and had appointed a record number of black men to federal office during his first year. Midway through his term, however, he faced dwindling enthusiasm among black supporters disappointed by his recent lack of ardor for using black soldiers during the war with Spain. Some black leaders had lately begun to chafe under McKinley’s inattentiveness to critical issues affecting Afro-Americans. indd 17 2/6/08 7:58:51 AM 18 t h e bl ack j u da se s shrillness; his pronouncements, in fact, would soon begin to puzzle observers and alarm some of his friends.
He declared that Afro-Americans were entitled to “as large a share of business as was represented by their population,” and that the real problem in business was an internal one. Black citizens should support their fellows in entering upon and conducting various business enterprises, he said. 33 Murray’s words aroused nods among fellow businessmen but little passion among the rest. That task fell to the next speaker, John Green, who strongly defended the president, saying “no man in the white House had been more zealous of the rights of the negro” than McKinley, both before and after his election to the presidency.