Download The Guantánamo Effect: Exposing the Consequences of U.S. by Laurel E. Fletcher PDF

By Laurel E. Fletcher

This e-book, in line with a two-year research of former prisoners of the U.S. government's detention facility at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, unearths in photograph aspect the cumulative impression of the Bush administration's ''war on terror.'' Scrupulously researched and with out rhetoric, the publication deepens the tale of post-9/11 the US and the nation's descent into the netherworld of prisoner abuse. Researchers interviewed greater than sixty former Guantánamo detainees in 9 nations, in addition to key govt officers, army specialists, former guards, interrogators, legal professionals for detainees, and different camp group of workers. We listen at once from former detainees as they describe the occasions surrounding their seize, their years of incarceration, and the myriad problems fighting many from resuming an ordinary existence upon returning domestic. ready together through researchers with the Human Rights heart, college of California, Berkeley, and the overseas Human Rights legislations health center, college of California, Berkeley college of legislations, in partnership with the heart for Constitutional Rights, The Guantánamo impact contributes considerably to the controversy surrounding the U.S.'s dedication to overseas legislation in the course of struggle time.

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Download Dynamics of Political Development in Afghanistan: The by Hafizullah Emadi PDF

By Hafizullah Emadi

This booklet explores how the bureaucratic ruling elites within the kingdom equipment, missing public help, trusted imperial powers for fiscal, army, and political counsel, and the way an collection of tested and emerging imperial powers because the eighteenth century exploited the location to increase their very own agendas. It undertakes an research of the dynamics of political improvement in Afghanistan and rules of imperial powers that encouraged the path of improvement within the nation, in addition to the contributing problems with tribalism, ethnicity and regionalism that constituted the very cloth of Afghanistan’s society.

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Download Cambodia reborn?: the transition to democracy and by Grant Curtis PDF

By Grant Curtis

Whilst United international locations backed elections have been held 1993, there have been excessive hopes that Cambodia could eventually be ready to break out the nightmare of conflict, the killing fields, famine, and monetary turmoil that its humans had persevered in view that 1970. quite a lot of overseas improvement suggestions, a quickly increasing NGO quarter, and a realistic power-sharing association among former adversaries, looked as if it would bode good for the long run. but, because the state was back getting ready for elections in 1998, severe tensions and conflicts endured to undermine the transition method. This ebook examines Cambodia's uneasy renaissance from years of clash, isolation and authoritarian rule. It assesses, specifically, the efforts of the govt, NGOs, and the foreign group to facilitate Cambodia's quite a few transitions to peace, democracy, and a marketplace financial system, in addition to the strengthening of civil society. provide Curtis, a improvement administrator and political scientist, lived in Cambodia from 1987 via 1993 and undertook a number of box visits to the rustic from 1994 to 1997. in this time he labored with NGOs, United international locations organizations, and the Rehabilitation and financial Affairs section of the United countries Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC).

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Download The Search for a Common European Foreign and Security by A. Malici PDF

By A. Malici

Whilst Kissinger lamented, 'When i need to name Europe, i can't discover a telephone number', the implication was once transparent. in view that then, the  momentum of the european in the direction of a standard overseas and defense coverage has elevated. but, the viability of this institutionalization attempt is questionable. This e-book advances a brand new standpoint in this paradox.

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Download The Specter of Democracy by Dick Howard PDF

By Dick Howard

During this rethinking of Marxism and its blind spots, Dick Howard argues that the cave in of eu communism in 1989 shouldn't be pointed out with a victory for capitalism and makes attainable a wholesale reevaluation of democratic politics within the U.S. and overseas. the writer turns to the yankee and French Revolutions to discover what used to be really "revolutionary" approximately these occasions, arguing that exact forms of democratic existence emerged, the consequences of that have been misinterpreted in mild of the increase of communism.Howard makes use of a serious rereading of Marx as a theorist of democracy to supply his viewers a brand new strategy to take into consideration this political excellent. He argues that it's democracy, instead of Marxism, that's radical and progressive, and that Marx can have noticeable this yet didn't. partially I, Howard explores the allure Marxism held for intellectuals, rather French intellectuals, and he demonstrates how the critique of totalitarianism from a Marxist perspective allowed those intellectuals to work out the novel nature of democracy. half II examines 2 hundred years of democratic political existence -- evaluating America's event as a democracy to that of France. half III deals a rethinking of Marx's contribution to democratic politics. Howard concludes that Marx used to be trying a "philosophy by way of different means," and that sarcastically, simply because he was once such an astute thinker, Marx used to be not able to determine the novel political implications of his personal analyses. The philosophically justified "revolution" seems to be the root of an anti-politics whose finish used to be foreshadowed via the autumn of eu communism in 1989.

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Download Ethnonationalist Conflict in Postcommunist States: Varieties by Maria Koinova PDF

By Maria Koinova

Ethnonationalist clash in Postcommunist States investigates why a few japanese ecu states transitioned to new types of governance with minimum violence whereas others broke into civil struggle. In Bulgaria, the Turkish minority was once subjected to coerced assimilation and compelled expulsion, however the country eventually negotiated peace via institutional channels. In Macedonia, periodic outbreaks of rebel violence escalated to armed clash. Kosovo's inner conflict culminated in NATO's debatable bombing crusade. within the twenty-first century, those conflicts have been subdued, yet violence persisted to flare sometimes and bog down sturdy clash resolution.
In this comparative examine, Maria Koinova applies old institutionalism to clash research, tracing ethnonationalist violence in postcommunist states to a risky, formative interval among 1987 and 1992. during this period of instability, the incidents that introduced majorities and minorities into dispute had a profound impression and a cumulative influence, as did the interventions of overseas brokers and relations states. even if the conflicts first and foremost developed in peaceable or violent methods, the dynamics in their disputes turned self-perpetuating and informally institutionalized. therefore, exterior rules or interventions may well impact purely minimum swap, and the impression of foreign brokers subsided over the years. whatever the constitutions, legislation, and injunctions, majorities, minorities, overseas brokers, and relations states proceed to behave in accord with the common sense of informally institutionalized clash dynamics.

Koinova analyzes the advance of these dynamics in Bulgaria, Macedonia, and Kosovo, drawing on theories of democratization, overseas intervention, and path-dependence in addition to interviews and huge fieldwork. the result's a compelling account of the underlying causal mechanisms of clash perpetuation and alter that might make clear broader styles of ethnic violence.

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Download Feminist Surveillance Studies by Rachel E. Dubrofsky, Shoshana Amielle Magnet PDF

By Rachel E. Dubrofsky, Shoshana Amielle Magnet

Feminist Surveillance stories is a field-defining assortment that areas gender, race, type, and sexuality on the heart of surveillance reports. serious about exposing the ways that surveillance is tied to discrimination, the individuals examine what constitutes surveillance, who's scrutinized, why, and at what cost.

Questions of gender, race, category, and sexuality have principally been left unexamined in surveillance experiences. The members to this field-defining assortment soak up those questions, and in so doing offer new instructions for interpreting surveillance. They use feminist idea to show the ways that surveillance practices and applied sciences are tied to systemic different types of discrimination that serve to normalize whiteness, able-bodiedness, capitalism, and heterosexuality. The essays speak about the consequences of, between others, patriarchal surveillance in colonial North the US, surveillance geared toward curtailing the trafficking of girls and intercourse paintings, girls provided as having company within the production of the pictures that reveal their our bodies through social media, full-body airport scanners, and mainstream information media dialogue of honor killings in Canada and the concomitant surveillance of Muslim our bodies. instead of rehashing arguments as to if or no longer surveillance retains the kingdom secure, the members examine what constitutes surveillance, who's scrutinized, why, and at what fee. The paintings fills a niche in feminist scholarship and exhibits that gender, race, type, and sexuality can be principal to any learn of surveillance.

Contributors. Seantel Anaïs, Mark Andrejevic, Paisley Currah, Sayantani DasGupta, Shamita Das Dasgupta, Rachel E. Dubrofsky, Rachel corridor, Lisa Jean Moore, Yasmin Jiwani, Ummni Khan, Shoshana Amielle Magnet, Kelli Moore, Lisa Nakamura, Dorothy Roberts, Andrea Smith, Kevin Walby, Megan M. wooden, Laura Hyun Yi Kang

About The Author(s)

Rachel E. Dubrofsky is affiliate Professor of verbal exchange on the collage of South Florida. She is the writer of The Surveillance of girls on fact tv: gazing The Bachelor and The Bachelorette.

Shoshana Amielle Magnet is affiliate Professor on the Institute of Feminist and Gender stories on the college of Ottawa. She is the writer of whilst Biometrics Fail: Gender, Race and the know-how of identification, additionally released by means of Duke collage Press.

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Download Menace to Society: Political-Criminal Collaboration Around by Roy Godson PDF

By Roy Godson

One of the extra harmful modern threats to the standard of lifestyles is the collaboration of the political institution with the felony underworld--the political-criminal nexus (PCN). This energetic partnership more and more undermines the guideline of legislations, human rights, and fiscal improvement in lots of elements of the world.

States in transition are in particular in danger. regardless of the value of the probability, there's little figuring out of the safety threats by way of the PCNs and the way and why political-criminal relationships are shaped and maintained. Menace to Society is the 1st try and advance an analytical framework for making generalizations approximately this modern scourge.

Case experiences of Colombia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Italy, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia and Ukraine, and the us by means of best students and practitioners incorporated the following solution such key questions as: How do PCNs get verified? How is a PCN maintained, and destroyed? What do the individuals wish from one another in a PCN? What should be realized from those that have effectively countered the PCN?

The findings point out that political, financial, and cultural elements play an important function within the formation and evolution of PCNs. while the associations of the nation are susceptible, as in Nigeria and Colombia, it's tough for the country to avoid political-criminal collaboration. a scarcity of exams and balances, both from civil society or competition political events resembling defined within the instances of Mexico and Russia, is a key issue. Cultural styles are likely to facilitate this type of collaboration. Markets and economics, too, undergo at the PCN factor. the availability and insist for unlawful items and prone, not just medicines, in lots of nations creates a industry managed through criminals who want political aid to "run" their business.

Menace to Society might be serious examining for protection planners, overseas and army policymakers, and political scientists.

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